Early Literacy Resources

Early Literacy Components

decoding-02Phonological Awareness: the ability to hear and play with the smaller sounds in words
Print Conventions/Awareness: knowing that print has meaning, how to handle a book, direction of print, environmental print
Letter Knowledge: knowing that the same letter can look different, that letters have names and represent sounds
Vocabulary: knowing the meanings of words
Background Knowledge–Content: what a child knows before entering school about various topics/subjects
Background Knowledge–Conceptual Thinking: what a child knows before entering school about concepts (size, shape, opposites, spatial relationships, etc.) and about thinking skills (making observations, hypothesizing, problem solving)
Background Knowledge–Book/Story Knowledge–Print Motivation:  a child’s interest in and enjoyment of books and reading
Background Knowledge–Book/Story Knowledge–Narrative Skills: expressive part of language, ability to describe things, to recount events, to tell and retell stories.

Websites and Books…


Saroj Ghoting Early Childhood Literacy Consultant


Idaho Commission for Libraries – Read to Me Resources


Winnipeg Public Libraries – Rhymes & Songs



Storytimes for Everyone! : Developing Young Children’s Language and Literacy by Saroj Ghoting

The Early Literacy Kit: A Handbook and Tip Cards by Betsy Diamant-Cohen and Saroj Ghoting

Early Literacy Storytimes @ Your Library by Saroj Ghoting

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